Highly Uncertain Variants

Contents: Introduction* Matthew* Mark* Luke* John* Acts* Romans* 1 Corinthians* 2 Corinthians* Galatians* Ephesians* Philippians* Colossians* 1 Thessalonians* 2 Thessalonians* 1 Timothy* 2 Timothy* Titus* Philemon* Hebrews* James* 1 Peter* 2 Peter* 1 John* 2 John* 3 John* Jude* Apocalypse

Appendix I:Orthographic Variants * Appendix II:Clear Minority Readings of UBS *Appendix III: Rate of Variants *Appendix IV: Agreements of the Texts

Introduction

The title of this section is perhaps misleading. This is not acomprehensive list of uncertain variants; it isn't even a list ofvariants over which scholars have shown the most hesitation (e.g.it excludes 1 Cor. 13:3, perhaps the most-discussed short variantin the canon). It isn't a list of readings where I disagree withUBS or with the editorial consensus. What this section isis a comprehensive listof variants where the various editions diverge most notably. I'vetaken the seven primary "modern editions" (Bover, Merk,Tischendorf, UBS, Vogels, von Soden, Westcott and Hort) and listedall instances where three of these (including the Hort margin)disagree against four. For completeness, I have included thereadings of many other editions, as well as a brief summary ofthe manuscript support for each reading, but neither the readingsof these editions nor the manuscripts influence the variantslisted.

Note that this list does not include readingswhere five or more editions stand against UBS(e.g. Matt. 12:10); eventhough these might be considered highly doubtful readings, sinceUBS is the newest and most respected edition, they do not meetthe four-versus-three criterion. These readings are summarized inAppendix II.

When I started this list, I thought the four-versus-threerule would work well. I should note that it isn't quite sosimple -- for example, if a reading is found in [brackets]in five editions, is it more or less certain than one found infive editions without brackets and omitted in the other two?In such cases, I've done my best to pick the "truly"uncertain readings -- but be it noted that I think this crutchof bracketed readings should be dropped. In general, if alleditors include a word, I have not noted the variant, no matterhow many use brackets (e.g. Matt. 20:10, where three editorsbracket to; this is a complex variant, but all editorsuse the same text, so I do not note it).

In addition, some variants I consider meaningless havebeen omitted from the main list. Some, such as thevarious spellings of David (Daueid, Dabid, etc.)I have omitted entirely. Others I have relegated toAppendix I.

For the most part, I have relied upon the lists ofvariants between editions found in NA27 andBover, though I have consulted the editions where thesedisagree (Bover made a rather high number of errorsconcerning Merk, if it matters; some of these may be dueto the fact that Merk revised his text).

In the list which follows, () around the name of one of theEnglish translations (NEB, RV) indicates that this is the textprinted by the editor of the retroverted text, but may not havebeen the reading in the translators' minds (this is of coursesomewhat conjectural; I have not checked the English versions tosee if their rendering is literal); [] indicates a readingin brackets in the editor's Greek text. (Note: if the variantis an add/omit, the brackets apply only to the words to beincluded/excluded, no matter how long the lemma.)

The editions cited (* means an edition cited consistently):

Note that some of these editions (Hodges & Farstad,Lachmann, NEB, RV, Tregelles, Weiss) are not consulted indeciding which variants to include.

A reading marked with ** means a variant not noted in NA27.

The citation of Hodges & Farstad had been somewhat complicated,since they have different apparatus in different sections of the NewTestament. In Matthew-Jude, their margin has been cited only wherethere is a reading in the primary apparatus -- the one showingByzantine variants (and readings where they list the TR as goingagainst the entire Majority tradition are omitted).In the Apocalypse, however, they merge theapparatus. In this case, a reading is cited as HFmargif -- and only if -- they show some M subgroup supporting a variant.Where they show part of a subgroup supporting a variant,I have, shown my uncertainty by marking HFmarg?,indicating that I'm not sure whether the really consider the majoritytext divided at this point.

A secondary use for this list may be as a way to see thetendencies of the various editions, since the list includesonly the "difficult" readings. In compiling thelist, the pro-Byzantine tendency of Vogels has been obvious,at least in the Gospels (where the Vulgate is mostly Byzantine)as has been the somewhat "Sturzian" -- and rathererratic -- tendencies ofvon Soden and Greeven. The New English Bible tends towardWestcott and Hort but with a distinct bias toward "Western"readings. Tischendorf tends towardAleph,especially when supported by D. Tregelles doesn't have any particularbias -- but considering that he worked beforeAlephand B were available, his work is especially well-done. Or so itseems to me. Here is your chance to draw your own conclusions.

Sources: Not all of the editions cited are available directlyto me. Some have necessarily been taken from secondary sources. Thefollowing list shows the sources checked. Items in Bold havebeen directly checked. Variants have been found by comparison ofBover and Appendix III of NA27


Matthew

Matthew 1:5

***Matthew 1:15***

Matthew 1:20

Matthew 1:24

Matthew 2:22

Matthew 3:2

Matthew 3:14

Matthew 3:16

Matthew 3:16C

Matthew 4:13

***Matthew 4:18-19***

Matthew 4:23

Matthew 5:9

Matthew 5:39

Matthew 6:15

Matthew 6:25

Matthew 6:33

Matthew 7:6

Matthew 7:14

Matthew 7:18A

Matthew 7:18B

Matthew 8:8

Matthew 8:13

Matthew 8:18

Matthew 8:21

Matthew 8:23

Matthew 8:25

Matthew 9:2

Matthew 9:4

Matthew 9:5

Matthew 9:14

Matthew 9:18

Matthew 9:27A

Matthew 9:27B

Matthew 10:32

Matthew 10:33

Matthew 11:8

**Matthew 11:21**

Matthew 11:23

Matthew 12:4A

Matthew 12:4B

Matthew 12:15

Matthew 12:18

Matthew 12:35

Matthew 12:36

Matthew 12:47

Matthew 13:1

Matthew 13:4

Matthew 13:7

Matthew 13:11

Matthew 13:22

Matthew 13:57

Matthew 14:3

Matthew 14:4

Matthew 14:9

Matthew 14:10

Matthew 14:12

Matthew 14:15

Matthew 14:22

Matthew 14:24

Matthew 14:26

Matthew 14:27

Matthew 14:29

Matthew 14:30

Matthew 15:2

Matthew 15:4

Matthew 15:6

Matthew 15:14

Matthew 15:15

Matthew 15:22A

Matthew 15:22B

Matthew 15:23

Matthew 15:30

Matthew 15:31

Matthew 15:38

Matthew 16:2b-3

Matthew 16:8

Matthew 16:12

Matthew 16:19

Matthew 17:8

Matthew 17:9

Matthew 17:10

Matthew 17:21

Matthew 17:24

Matthew 17:25

Matthew 18:12A (cf. 18:12B)

Matthew 18:12B (cf. 18:12A)

Matthew 18:15

Matthew 18:16

Matthew 18:19

Matthew 18:21

Matthew 18:24

Matthew 18:25

Matthew 18:26

Matthew 18:30

Matthew 18:34

Matthew 19:3

Matthew 19:7

Matthew 19:9

Matthew 19:21A

Matthew 19:21B

Matthew 19:24A

Matthew 19:24B

Matthew 19:29

Matthew 20:17

Matthew 20:18

Matthew 20:21

Matthew 20:23

Matthew 20:30

Matthew 20:31

Matthew 21:1

**Matthew 21:2**

Matthew 21:6

Matthew 21:12

Matthew 21:18

Matthew 21:19

Matthew 21:25

Matthew 21:28

Matthew 21:29 (cf. 21:30B, 31)

Matthew 21:30A

Matthew 21:30B (cf. 21:29, 31)

Matthew 21:31 (cf. 21:29, 30B)

Matthew 21:44

Matthew 22:10

Matthew 22:20

Matthew 22:30

Matthew 22:32

Matthew 22:39

Matthew 22:43

Matthew 22:44

Matthew 23:4

Matthew 23:21

Matthew 23:23

Matthew 23:26

Matthew 23:36

Matthew 24:16

Matthew 24:24

Matthew 24:30

Matthew 24:31A

Matthew 24:31B

Matthew 24:33

Matthew 24:36

Matthew 24:38

Matthew 24:40

Matthew 25:1

Matthew 25:3

Matthew 25:4

Matthew 25:6

Matthew 25:16

Matthew 25:17A

Matthew 25:17B

Matthew 25:22

Matthew 25:39

Matthew 25:41

Matthew 26:20

Matthew 26:22

Matthew 26:39

Matthew 26:45

Matthew 26:53A

Matthew 26:53B

Matthew 26:58

Matthew 26:61

Matthew 26:65

Matthew 26:71

Matthew 27:2

Matthew 27:3

Matthew 27:24

Matthew 27:29A

Matthew 27:29B

Matthew 27:35

Matthew 27:40

Matthew 27:42

Matthew 27:51

Matthew 27:54

Matthew 27:56

Matthew 27:57

Matthew 27:59

Matthew 27:65

Matthew 28:14

Matthew 28:15


Mark

Mark 1:1

Mark 1:2

Mark 1:4

Mark 1:15

Mark 1:21

Mark 1:24A

Mark 1:24B

Mark 1:25

Mark 1:27

Mark 1:32

Mark 1:37

Mark 1:40

Mark 1:45

Mark 2:1

Mark 2:9

Mark 2:10

Mark 2:16A

Mark 2:16B

Mark 2:16C

Mark 2:17

Mark 2:26

Mark 3:2

Mark 3:3

Mark 3:4

Mark 3:5

Mark 3:11

Mark 3:20

Mark 3:26

Mark 3:32

Mark 3:35

Mark 4:8

Mark 4:15

Mark 4:16

Mark 4:21

Mark 4:22

Mark 4:24

Mark 4:28(A)

Mark 4:38

Mark 4:40

Mark 5:6

Mark 5:10

Mark 5:25

Mark 5:26

Mark 5:27

Mark 5:33

Mark 5:34

Mark 5:40

Mark 6:2(B)

Mark 6:12

Mark 6:14

Mark 6:22(B)

Mark 6:22(C)

Mark 6:23(B)

Mark 6:27

Mark 6:33

Mark 6:37

Mark 6:41

Mark 6:49

Mark 7:4A

Mark 7:4B

Mark 7:8

Mark 7:16

Mark 7:24

Mark 7:35

Mark 7:37

Mark 8:17

Mark 8:19

Mark 8:20A

Mark 8:20B

Mark 8:23

Mark 8:28

Mark 8:35

Mark 8:37

Mark 9:1

Mark 9:9

Mark 9:12

Mark 9:14

Mark 9:25

Mark 9:29

Mark 9:38

Mark 9:42

Mark 10:6

Mark 10:7

Mark 10:13A

Mark 10:13B

Mark 10:20

Mark 10:21A

Mark 10:21B

Mark 10:24

Mark 10:28

Mark 10:29

Mark 10:36

Mark 10:37

Mark 10:52

Mark 11:1

Mark 11:2

Mark 11:3

Mark 11:11

Mark 11:19

Mark 12:9

Mark 12:17

Mark 12:19

Mark 12:26

Mark 12:28

Mark 12:36A

Mark 12:36B

Mark 12:43

Mark 13:7

Mark 13:15A

Mark 13:15B

Mark 13:27

Mark 13:28

Mark 14:3

Mark 14:8

Mark 14:19

Mark 14:21

Mark 14:31

Mark 14:33

Mark 14:40

Mark 14:51

Mark 14:52

Mark 14:53

Mark 14:72

Mark 15:1

Mark 15:8

Mark 15:12

Mark 15:20

Mark 15:22

Mark 15:28

Mark 15:34

Mark 15:35

Mark 15:36

Mark 15:46

Mark 16:1

Mark 16:9-20
Note: since 16:9-20 is not properly part of some editions' texts, we cannot note significant variants. Relatively major variants in the editions include 16:14 add/omit de, 16:14 add/omit ek nekrwn, 16:18 add/omit kai en tais cersin, 16:19 add/omit Ihsous

Mark 16:8 + "shorter ending" (Panta de ta parhggelmena...swthrias)


Luke

Luke 1:15

Luke 1:21

Luke 1:25

Luke 1:36

Luke 1:63

Luke 1:75

Luke 1:76

Luke 1:78

Luke 2:2

Luke 2:5

Luke 2:19

Luke 2:25

Luke 2:26

Luke 2:35

Luke 2:39A

Luke 2:39B

Luke 2:40

Luke 2:52

Luke 3:20

***Luke 3:29***

Luke 3:31

Luke 3:37

Luke 4:17

Luke 4:25

Luke 4:40

Luke 4:41A

Luke 4:41B

Luke 5:2(A)

Luke 5:3

Luke 5:5A

Luke 5:5B

Luke 5:12

Luke 5:13

Luke 5:28

Luke 5:34

Luke 5:39A

Luke 5:39B

Luke 6:1

Luke 6:2

Luke 6:5(A)

Luke 6:7A

Luke 6:7B

Luke 6:26

Luke 6:31

Luke 6:33

Luke 6:36

Luke 6:42

Luke 6:45

Luke 7:11

Luke 7:16

Luke 7:20

Luke 7:22A

Luke 7:22B

Luke 7:24-25 (cf. 7:26)

Luke 7:26 (cf. 7:24-25)

Luke 7:28A

Luke 7:28B

Luke 7:35

Luke 7:44

Luke 7:46

Luke 8:20A

Luke 8:20B

Luke 8:26

Luke 8:30

Luke 8:32

Luke 8:37

Luke 8:40

Luke 8:45

Luke 8:48

Luke 8:50

Luke 9:2

Luke 9:3

Luke 9:9

Luke 9:13A

Luke 9:13B

Luke 9:14

Luke 9:24

Luke 9:28

Luke 9:39

Luke 9:47

Luke 9:49

Luke 9:59(B)

Luke 10:1A

Luke 10:1B

Luke 10:1C

Luke 10:6A

Luke 10:6B

Luke 10:11

Luke 10:17

Luke 10:19

Luke 10:21A

Luke 10:21B

Luke 10:30

Luke 10:38

Luke 10:41-42

Luke 10:42(B)

Luke 11:11(B)

Luke 11:12

Luke 11:13

Luke 11:14

Luke 11:17

Luke 11:19

Luke 11:20

Luke 11:24

Luke 11:27

Luke 11:49

Luke 12:1

Luke 12:18

Luke 12:25

***Luke 12:28***

Luke 12:39

Luke 12:53

Luke 12:56(A)

Luke 13:5

Luke 13:19

Luke 13:21

Luke 13:27(A)

Luke 13:35

Luke 14:5

Luke 14:17

Luke 14:26A

Luke 14:26B(C)

Luke 15:12

Luke 15:16(B)

Luke 15:17

Luke 15:20

Luke 15:21

Luke 15:29

Luke 16:26

Luke 16:27

Luke 16:29

Luke 17:1

Luke 17:6

Luke 17:11

Luke 17:12

Luke 17:23

Luke 17:27

Luke 17:29

Luke 17:33(B)

Luke 18:11

Luke 18:12

Luke 18:21

Luke 18:22

Luke 18:30

Luke 19:15

Luke 19:30

Luke 19:36

Luke 19:38

Luke 19:40

Luke 19:42

Luke 20:42

Luke 20:44A

Luke 20:44B

Luke 20:45

Luke 21:2

Luke 21:3

Luke 21:4A

Luke 21:4B

Luke 21:4C

Luke 21:11

Luke 21:12

Luke 21:13

Luke 21:15

Luke 21:19

Luke 22:16

Luke 22:34

Luke 22:44

Luke 22:57

Luke 22:64

Luke 23:11

Luke 23:12

Luke 23:17

Luke 23:28

Luke 23:32

Luke 23:36

Luke 23:38

Luke 23:50

Luke 23:51

Luke 24:12

Luke 24:13

Luke 24:36

Luke 24:38

Luke 24:40

Luke 24:44

Luke 24:47

Luke 24:48

Luke 24:49(A)

Luke 24:51

Luke 24:52

Luke 24:53


John

John 1:18

John 1:21

John 1:37

John 1:46

John 1:47

John 2:10

John 2:12

John 2:15

John 2:22

John 2:24

John 3:16

John 3:31

John 4:1

John 4:16

John 4:17

John 4:51

John 4:54

John 5:1

John 5:2

John 5:3(A)

John 5:3(B) (5:4)

John 5:11

John 5:12

John 5:15

John 5:17

John 5:29

John 5:37

John 6:3

John 6:7

John 6:10

John 6:23

John 6:29

John 6:35

John 6:36

John 6:39

John 6:40

John 6:54

John 6:66

John 6:71

John 7:8

John 7:9

John 7:12A

John 7:12B

John 7:16

John 7:34

John 7:36

John 7:42

John 7:46

John 7:50

John 7:53-8:11
Note: No attempt will be made to list all the variants within thispassage; the nature of the witnesses means that any such comparison is lessthan meaningful, and some editions do not properly include the text anyway.

John 8:23

John 8:38

John 8:39

John 8:54

John 8:55

John 8:58

John 9:10

John 9:16

John 9:20

John 9:26

John 9:28

John 9:31

John 9:35A

John 9:35B

John 10:7A

John 10:7B

John 10:29A

John 10:29B

John 11:2

John 11:19A

John 11:19B

John 11:20

John 11:21

John 11:29A

John 11:29B

John 11:32

John 11:44

John 11:45

John 11:46

John 12:1

John 12:3

John 12:4A

John 12:4B

John 12:12

John 12:22A

John 12:22B

John 12:36

John 13:6A

John 13:6B

John 13:10

John 13:21

John 13:22

John 13:23

John 13:25

John 13:26

John 13:27

John 13:29

John 13:31

John 13:32A

John 13:32B

John 13:36

John 13:37

John 14:5A

John 14:5B

John 14:6

John 14:7A

John 14:7B

John 14:7C

John 14:9A

John 14:9B

John 14:10A

John 14:10B

John 14:16

John 14:17

John 14:19

John 14:26

John 15:10

John 15:26

John 16:13A

John 16:13B

John 16:18

John 16:19

John 16:31

John 17:1

John 17:8

John 17:11

John 17:21A

John 17:21B

John 17:21C

John 17:24

John 18:1A

John 18:1B

John 18:2

John 18:3

John 18:5

John 18:7

John 18:20

John 18:23

John 18:29

John 18:31

John 18:34

John 18:36

John 19:4

John 19:11A

John 19:11B

John 19:12

John 19:24

John 19:30

John 19:33

John 19:35

John 19:38

John 20:10

John 20:15

John 20:16

John 20:17

John 20:18

John 20:21

John 20:24

John 20:25

John 20:31

John 21:3

John 21:4

John 21:5

John 21:13

John 21:17(B)

John 21:18

John 21:23A

John 21:23B

John 21:24A

John 21:24B

John 21:25


Acts

Acts 1:11

Acts 1:14

Acts 1:16

Acts 2:5

Acts 2:7A

Acts 2:7B

Acts 2:12

Acts 2:34

Acts 2:43(B)-44(A)

Acts 3:6

Acts 3:10

Acts 3:13

Acts 4:4A

Acts 4:4B

Acts 4:8

Acts 4:18

Acts 4:22

Acts 4:24

Acts 4:28

Acts 4:32

Acts 4:33

Acts 4:37

Acts 5:8

Acts 5:19

Acts 5:23

Acts 5:26

Acts 5:28

Acts 5:31

Acts 5:33

Acts 6:3

Acts 6:5

Acts 6:13

Acts 7:10

Acts 7:13

Acts 7:19

Acts 7:25

Acts 7:43A

Acts 7:43B

Acts 7:60

Acts 8:18

Acts 8:32

Acts 8:33A

Acts 8:33B

Acts 9:12

Acts 9:19

Acts 9:21

Acts 9:22

Acts 9:27

Acts 9:34

Acts 9:36

Acts 9:37

Acts 9:43

Acts 10:19A

Acts 10:19B+C

Acts 10:36

Acts 10:39

Acts 10:40

Acts 11:11

Acts 11:13

Acts 11:20

Acts 12:3

Acts 12:8

Acts 12:11

Acts 12:21

Acts 13:10

Acts 13:11

Acts 13:20

Acts 13:33

Acts 13:40

Acts 13:44

Acts 13:45

Acts 13:46

Acts 14:3

Acts 14:8

Acts 14:14

Acts 15:8

Acts 15:9

Acts 15:16

Acts 15:17

Acts 15:20

Acts 15:23

Acts 15:25

Acts 16:11

Acts 16:18

Acts 16:27

Acts 16:28

Acts 16:29

***Acts 16:36***

Acts 17:3

Acts 17:11

Acts 17:22

Acts 18:1

Acts 18:7

Acts 18:15

Acts 18:17

Acts 19:1

Acts 19:3

Acts 19:6

Acts 19:9

Acts 19:14

Acts 19:20

Acts 19:30

Acts 20:4

Acts 20:6

Acts 20:13

Acts 20:15

Acts 20:16

Acts 20:21

Acts 21:10

Acts 21:13

Acts 21:22

Acts 22:23

Acts 23:1

Acts 23:6

Acts 23:7

Acts 23:23

Acts 23:30A

Acts 23:30B

Acts 23:30C

Acts 25:10

Acts 25:18

Acts 25:22A

Acts 25:22B

Acts 25:24

Acts 26:1

Acts 26:4(A)

Acts 26:16

Acts 26:20

Acts 26:21

Acts 26:31

Acts 27:8

Acts 27:11

Acts 27:41


Romans

Romans 1:1

Romans 2:2

Romans 2:8

Romans 2:16

Romans 3:2

Romans 3:4

Romans 3:7

Romans 3:12A

Romans 3:12B

Romans 3:22

Romans 3:25

Romans 4:8

Romans 4:9

Romans 4:11A

Romans 4:11B

Romans 4:19

Romans 7:17

Romans 7:25

Romans 8:2

Romans 8:11

Romans 8:14

Romans 8:20

Romans 9:27

Romans 10:3

Romans 10:5

Romans 10:20

Romans 11:17

Romans 11:20

Romans 11:21

Romans 11:22

Romans 11:23

Romans 12:1

Romans 12:15

Romans 14:5

Romans 14:19

Romans 14:21

Romans 15:15

Romans 15:17

Romans 15:23

Romans 16:1

***Romans 16:7***

Romans 16:17

Romans 16:19

Romans 16:20


1 Corinthians

1 Corinthians 1:1

1 Corinthians 1:14

1 Corinthians 2:1

1 Corinthians 2:15

1 Corinthians 3:12

1 Corinthians 4:11

1 Corinthians 4:17(B)

1 Corinthians 5:4

1 Corinthians 5:5

1 Corinthians 6:11

1 Corinthians 7:9

1 Corinthians 7:13

1 Corinthians 7:15

1 Corinthians 9:9

1 Corinthians 9:22

1 Corinthians 10:8

1 Corinthians 10:9(B)

1 Corinthians 10:9(C)

1 Corinthians 10:11

1 Corinthians 10:18

1 Corinthians 10:20

1 Corinthians 11:17

1 Corinthians 11:19

1 Corinthians 12:9

1 Corinthians 12:10

1 Corinthians 12:26

1 Corinthians 13:4

1 Corinthians 13:11

1 Corinthians 14:2

1 Corinthians 14:6

1 Corinthians 14:16

1 Corinthians 14:18

1 Corinthians 14:35

1 Corinthians 14:38

1 Corinthians 15:6

1 Corinthians 15:10

1 Corinthians 15:14

1 Corinthians 15:28

1 Corinthians 15:49

1 Corinthians 15:51


2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians 1:8

2 Corinthians 1:12

2 Corinthians 2:1

2 Corinthians 3:9

2 Corinthians 4:5

2 Corinthians 4:6

2 Corinthians 8:7

2 Corinthians 8:19

2 Corinthians 8:24

2 Corinthians 9:2

2 Corinthians 11:3A

2 Corinthians 11:3B

2 Corinthians 11:4

2 Corinthians 11:18

2 Corinthians 11:27

2 Corinthians 11:32

2 Corinthians 12:5

2 Corinthians 12:10

2 Corinthians 12:15

2 Corinthians 13:5A

2 Corinthians 13:5B


Galatians

Galatians 1:3

Galatians 1:4

Galatians 1:8

Galatians 1:15

Galatians 2:6

Galatians 3:21

Galatians 4:19

Galatians 4:25

Galatians 5:7

Galatians 5:20A

Galatians 5:20B

Galatians 5:21A

Galatians 5:21B

Galatians 6:10

Galatians 6:17


Ephesians

Ephesians 1:1

Ephesians 1:14

Ephesians 3:9

Ephesians 3:18

Ephesians 4:8

Ephesians 4:9

Ephesians 4:26

Ephesians 5:19A

Ephesians 5:19B

Ephesians 5:22

Ephesians 5:28

Ephesians 5:31

Ephesians 6:21


Philippians

Philippians 1:6

Philippians 2:4

Philippians 2:21

Philippians 3:8

Philippians 3:10A

Philippians 3:10B

Philippians 4:23


Colossians

Colossians 1:7

Colossians 1:12

Colossians 1:16

Colossians 1:27

Colossians 2:4

Colossians 2:7

Colossians 2:13

Colossians 2:16

Colossians 3:4

Colossians 3:6

Colossians 3:11

Colossians 3:13

Colossians 3:16

Colossians 4:15


1 Thessalonians

1 Thessalonians 1:4

1 Thessalonians 1:5

1 Thessalonians 1:8

1 Thessalonians 2:7

1 Thessalonians 3:2

1 Thessalonians 3:13

1 Thessalonians 4:10

1 Thessalonians 4:11

1 Thessalonians 5:2

1 Thessalonians 5:3

1 Thessalonians 5:10

1 Thessalonians 5:15

1 Thessalonians 5:25

1 Thessalonians 5:27


2 Thessalonians

2 Thessalonians 2:3

2 Thessalonians 2:13

2 Thessalonians 2:14

2 Thessalonians 2:16

2 Thessalonians 3:4

2 Thessalonians 3:8


1 Timothy

1 Timothy 1:16

1 Timothy 1:18

1 Timothy 3:14

1 Timothy 5:5

1 Timothy 5:8

1 Timothy 5:16

1 Timothy 6:17


2 Timothy

2 Timothy 2:14

2 Timothy 2:18

2 Timothy 3:15

2 Timothy 4:2

2 Timothy 4:22


Titus

Titus 2:11

Titus 2:13

Titus 3:9


Philemon

Philemon 6

Philemon 12

Philemon 25


Hebrews

Hebrews 1:9

  • emishsas anomian P46 B D(* emishsas anomias) K L P Ψ 0243 81 104 365 630 1175 1241 1505 1739 1881 2464 Byz a b vg hark; HF Lach Merk NEB RV Treg UBS Vogels Weiss WH
  • emishsas adikian ℵ A 33vid; Bover Soden Tisch

    Hebrews 3:6A

    Hebrews 3:6B

    Hebrews 4:2

    Hebrews 5:12(B)

    Hebrews 6:18

    Hebrews 7:9

    Hebrews 7:10

    Hebrews 8:4

    Hebrews 9:19

    Hebrews 11:6

    Hebrews 11:12

    Hebrews 11:32

    Hebrews 11:37

    Hebrews 12:11

    Hebrews 12:13

    Hebrews 13:6

    Hebrews 13:9

    Hebrews 13:25


    James

    James 1:12

    James 3:4

    James 3:8

    James 4:9

    James 5:4A

    James 5:4B

    James 5:7

    James 5:14


    1 Peter

    1 Peter 1:6

    1 Peter 1:16

    1 Peter 1:21

    1 Peter 1:22

    1 Peter 3:1

    1 Peter 3:18A

    1 Peter 3:18B

    1 Peter 3:22

    1 Peter 4:17

    1 Peter 5:1

    1 Peter 5:2

    1 Peter 5:9

    1 Peter 5:10

    1 Peter 5:11(A)


    2 Peter

    2 Peter 1:4

    2 Peter 1:9

    2 Peter 1:17

    2 Peter 1:18

    2 Peter 1:21

    2 Peter 2:4

    2 Peter 2:13

    2 Peter 2:19

    2 Peter 2:20

    2 Peter 3:3

    2 Peter 3:10

    2 Peter 3:16

    2 Peter 3:18


    1 John

    1 John 2:18

    1 John 2:19

    1 John 2:20

    1 John 3:13

    1 John 3:19A

    1 John 3:19B

    1 John 3:23

    1 John 4:12

    1 John 5:5

    1 John 5:6

    1 John 5:18

    2 John

    2 John 6

    2 John 12

    3 John

    No Highly Uncertain Variants in 3 John

    Jude

    Jude 5 (cf. Appendix II)

    Jude 15

    Jude 18

    Jude 22A

    Jude 22-23

    Apocalypse

    Revelation 1:15

    Revelation 1:19

    Revelation 2:2

    Revelation 2:22

    Revelation 2:25

    Revelation 3:3

    Revelation 3:7

    Revelation 3:9

    Revelation 3:17

    Revelation 3:18

    Revelation 3:20

    Revelation 4:4

    Revelation 4:7

    Revelation 4:8

    Revelation 4:9

    Revelation 5:3

    Revelation 5:4

    Revelation 5:6

    Revelation 5:8

    Revelation 5:9

    Revelation 5:11

    Revelation 5:13

    Revelation 6:8

    Revelation 6:11(B)

    Revelation 7:1

    Revelation 8:6

    Revelation 9:5

    Revelation 9:7

    Revelation 9:20

    Revelation 9:21

    Revelation 10:8

    Revelation 11:11

    Revelation 11:15

    Revelation 11:16A

    Revelation 11:16B

    Revelation 12:2

    Revelation 12:3

    Revelation 12:5

    Revelation 12:10A

    Revelation 12:10B

    Revelation 12:12

    Revelation 12:18 (13:1 in HF)

    Revelation 13:1

    Revelation 13:8

    Revelation 13:15

    Revelation 13:18

    Revelation 14:3

    Revelation 14:8

    Revelation 14:18

    Revelation 16:6

    Revelation 16:12

    Revelation 16:14

    Revelation 16:18

    Revelation 17:3A

    Revelation 17:3B

    Revelation 17:4

    Revelation 17:7

    Revelation 17:8

    Revelation 17:13

    Revelation 18:9A

    Revelation 18:9B

    Revelation 18:12

    Revelation 18:16

    Revelation 18:24

    Revelation 19:5

    Revelation 19:11

    Revelation 19:12

    Revelation 19:13

    Revelation 19:14

    Revelation 19:17

    Revelation 19:20A

    Revelation 19:20B

    Revelation 20:2

    Revelation 20:5

    Revelation 20:6

    Revelation 20:9

    Revelation 20:10

    Revelation 20:11

    Revelation 21:3

    Revelation 21:4(A)

    Revelation 21:5

    Revelation 21:14

    Revelation 21:18

    Revelation 21:27

    Revelation 22:2

    ***Revelation 22:5***

    Revelation 22:8

    Revelation 22:18

    Revelation 22:21A

    Revelation 22:21B

    Appendix I: Orthographic Variants

    The following list summarizes orthographic variants. Onlythe seven major editions, plus Hodges & Farstad, are listed.Note that most of these variants are not includedin the list of variants in the Nestle-Aland editions.

    * Note that this is not a purely orthographic variant, but thenon-orthographic variant is not well enough supported to be consideredstrongly contested.

    Appendix II: Clear Minority Readings

    The following list shows all readings where UBS goes against theclear consensus of the earlier versions -- i.e. it has no morethan one supporter among the six major editions.

    Note: No attempt is made to show which variant in each verseis the clear minority reading; this can be found by consultingNA27. Variants in accents and breathings (e.g. Luke 8:42)are generally not listed.

    Matthew 8:13, 10:14, 11:9, 12:10, 13:28, 13:30, 15:6, 19:10, 19:28, 20:20, 20:30, 20:31, 24:37, 24:38, 27:16, 27:17, 18:18

    Mark 3:14, 3:25, 3:31, 4:8(A), 4:28(B), 6:2(A), 6:22(A), 6:23(A), 7:9, 7:28, 16:4

    Luke 4:8, 5:9, 5:18, 6:3, 6:5(B), 7:45, 8:29(A), 9:18, 9:52, 9:59(A), 9:62, 10:15, 10:32, 10:35, 10:40, 11:11B, 11:33, 12:24, 12:54, 12:56(B), 13:7, 13:27(B), 14:26(B), 15:13, 15:16(A), 16:4, 16:16, 17:33(A), 18:24, 20:9, 22:7, 22:18, 22:61, 23:42, 24:28, 24:49(B), 24:50

    John 1:26, 3:23, 3:27, 3:28, 4:5, 4:29, 4:53, 5:10, 6:37, 6:52, 7:3, 7:24, 7:39A, 7:39B, 8:28, 8:41, 8:52, 11:22, 11:54, 12:12(B), 13:2, 13:24, 15:8, 16:23, 16:28, 17:2, 17:25, 20:30, 21:4, 21:17(A)

    Acts 2:26, 2:43(A), 2:44(B), 3:22, 4:9, 7:22, 7:31, 7:43, 9:12(B), 11:22, 12:28, 13:6, 13:14, 15:4A, 15:4B, 15:41, 16:9, 16:12, 16:33, 19:15, 23:20, 26:4(B), 27:16, 27:23, 28:13

    Romans 5:1, 8:24, 9:19, 10:5, 10:15, 16:27

    1 Corinthians 4:17(A), 9:16, 10:9(A), 13:3, 16:22

    2 Corinthians 1:12(A), 5:3, 6:4, 8:16, 9:4, 9:10, 12:6

    Galatians 1:18, 4:23, 6:2

    Ephesians 1:20, 5:2

    Philippians 1:14, 1:24, 3:13

    Colossians 1:3, 2:12, 3:22

    2 Thessalonians 1:2, 2:6, 2:12

    1 Timothy 2:9(A), 6:13

    2 Timothy 3:12

    Titus 1:10, 2:3

    Hebrews 5:3, 9:11, 9:14, 11:11, 11:13, 12:9, 12:15A, 12:15B

    James 4:14

    1 Peter 2:5, 5:11(B)

    2 Peter 2:6, 2:9

    1 John 3:15, 3:21, 4:10, 5:10, 5:20

    2 John 5, 8 (cf. Appendix I)

    Jude 5 (x2), 15, 16

    Apocalypse: 6:1, 6:11(A), 11:18, 12:8, 13:3, 13:10, 17:8(B), 18:2, 18:21, 19:7, 21:6, 21:12, 21:16

    Appendix III: Rate of Variants

    The following table attempts to approximate the number ofhighly uncertain variants per unit of length. The method used isquite simple: We count the total variants listed above, thendivide by the number of pages the book occupies (in Barbara &Timothy Friberg, Analytical Greek New Testament, theonly edition of UBS I have which does not have variant readings, so thatthe amount of text per page is roughly constant).Readings are sorted in descending order based on this statistic --i.e. the books with the greatest rate of uncertainty are listedfirst.

    Note that this list does not include the Clear Minority Variantslisted above; obviously Luke is the book where the UBS committee madethe most changes from what seemed nearly certain before. But it is notthe book where the editors are least sure of themselves, as the tablebelow makes clear:

    Book Pages Variants Variants/Page
    Mark 63* 136 2.16
    John 83 171 2.06
    2 Peter 7 13 1.86
    Luke 110 190 1.73
    Matthew 105 180 1.71
    Jude 3 5 1.67
    1 Thessalonians8.5 14 1.65
    Apocalypse 55 90 1.64
    Colossians 9 14 1.56
    Philemon 2 3 1.50
    2 Thessalonians4.5 6 1.33
    2 John 1.5 2 1.33
    1 Peter 11 14 1.27
    Acts 107 132 1.23
    Galatians 13 15 1.15
    Romans 40 44 1.10
    1 Corinthians38 40 1.05
    Ephesians 14 14 1.00
    1 John 12 11 0.92
    2 Corinthians25.5 21 0.83
    James 10 8 0.80
    Titus 4 3 0.75
    1 Timothy 10 7 0.70
    Philippians 9 6 0.67
    2 Timothy 7.5 5 0.67
    Hebrews 32 19 0.59
    3 John 1.5 0 0.00

    * Includes the first page containing the Longer Ending butnot that containing the shorter.

    If we wish to look at the places where the UBS text is in theclear minority, our figures become

    Book Pages Variants Variants/Page
    2 John 1.5 2 1.33
    Jude 3 4 1.33
    2 Thessalonians4.5 3 0.67
    Titus 4 2 0.50
    1 John 12 5 0.42
    John 83 30 0.36
    Luke 110 37 0.34
    Philippians 9 3 0.33
    Colossians 9 3 0.33
    2 Peter 7 2 0.29
    2 Corinthians25.5 7 0.27
    Hebrews 32 8 0.25
    Apocalypse 55 13 0.24
    Acts 107 25 0.23
    Galatians 13 3 0.23
    1 Timothy 10 2 0.20
    1 Peter 11 2 0.18
    Mark 63 11 0.17
    Matthew 105 17 0.16
    Romans 40 6 0.15
    Ephesians 14 2 0.14
    2 Timothy 7.5 1 0.13
    1 Corinthians38 5 0.13
    James 10 1 0.10
    1 Thessalonians8.5 0 0
    Philemon 2 0 0
    3 John 1.5 0 0

    If we combine the two lists of variants, we can list thebooks where the UBS most often stands on shaky ground, eitherbecause the variant is highly uncertain or because the UBShas gone against most of what went before:

    Book Pages Variants Variants/Page
    Jude 3 9 3.00
    2 John 1.5 4 2.67
    John 83 201 2.42
    Mark 63 147 2.33
    2 Peter 7 15 2.14
    Luke 110 227 2.06
    2 Thessalonians4.5 9 2.00
    Colossians 9 17 1.89
    Matthew 105 197 1.88
    Apocalypse 55 103 1.87
    1 Thessalonians8.5 14 1.65
    Philemon 2 3 1.50
    Acts 107 157 1.47
    1 Peter 11 16 1.45
    Galatians 13 18 1.38
    1 John 12 16 1.33
    Romans 40 50 1.25
    Titus 4 5 1.25
    1 Corinthians38 45 1.18
    Ephesians 14 16 1.14
    2 Corinthians25.5 28 1.10
    Philippians 9 9 1.00
    1 Timothy 10 9 0.90
    James 10 9 0.90
    Hebrews 32 27 0.84
    2 Timothy 7.5 6 0.80
    3 John 1.5 0 0

    It's interesting to note that John, usually considered theGospel least subject to fiddling (because it has no synopticparallels) is the one where the text is least settled. It appears,looking at the overall picture, that the reason is the papyri:John exists in both P66 and P75, and thedata in these most vital of witnesses has influenced the UBStext substantially, often causing it to adopt readings most othereditors rejected.

    It also strikes me as interesting to see how different sections of theBible "clump." The Gospels are all pretty uncertain; even Matthew, thegospel subject to the least uncertainty, is in the top third of Biblicalbooks. Paul's letters mostly stand low; only 2 Thessalonians and Colossiansare in the top third, and even 2 Thessalonians, the most uncertain of allthe Pauline books, trails three of the four gospels and is not much moreuncertain than Matthew.

    The Catholic Letters, however, are all over the map, from Jude ourmost uncertain book to 3 John our most certain. I had expected that thebooks of dubious canonicity would have the most variations, as Jude wouldseem to imply -- but this is not so; even if we set aside 3 John as tooshort to be meaningful, we also find James and Hebrews at the very bottom of the list,and they too were of debated canonicity. 1 John and 1 Peter, the two Catholicepistles which were universally accepted, stand in the middle of the pack.To be sure, Jude and 2 Peter both stand among the most uncertain books.

    I have no idea what this means. But it might be worth examining further.

    Appendix IV: Agreements of the Texts

    Various attempts in the past have been made to compare the nature ofthe sundry editions. The most recent to do this were the Alands, but theycentered everything about the UBS edition. What we want is to compare alleditions.

    Particularly, at least in this article, in the most strongly disputedreadings. So the following tables show the agreements of the more importantcited texts in each of the various books.

    Matthew

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BDByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --37%35%29%31%29%40%81%28%37%31%46%50%
    B37%--35%19%49%53%22%41%58%61%25%84%83%
    D31%32%---41%54%38%33%37%52%55%39%35%35%
    Byz26%17%41%--46%48%64%24%44%39%83%17%13%
    Bover31%49%59%51%--42%47%37%62%65%52%47%49%
    Merk29%53%41%53%42%--51%26%53%51%57%54%48%
    Soden40%22%36%71%47%51%--35%39%31%69%19%20%
    Tisch81%41%40%27%37%26%35%--34%38%27%51%53%
    Treg28%58%57%49%62%53%39%34%--72%49%54%59%
    UBS37%61%60%43%65%51%31%38%72%--44%63%65%
    Vogels31%25%43%91%52%57%69%27%49%44%--26%17%
    Weiss46%84%39%19%47%54%19%51%54%63%26%--76%
    WH50%83%38%15%49%48%20%53%59%65%17%76%--

    There is much that is interesting here. It is no great surprise thatWestcott and Hort are very close to B -- though Weiss is equally close(a 1% difference in this sample is hardly significant, the more so asI'm having to take Weiss secondhand). Nor is Tischendorf's fondness forℵunexpected. That Vogels is basically the Byzantine text rehashed isnot news, either, and Soden's methods make it no surprise that he's thenext most Byzantine. But it is noteworthy that Bover and Merk -- oftentreated as falling somewhere between von Soden and Hort -- show noaffinity to each other or, indeed, anything else.

    And then there are the affinities of the UBS text. It is, other thanWeiss and B, the closest relative of Hort's text. But, contrary to whatis often charged, the UBS text is not a rehash of WH, because its closestrelative is -- Tregelles. This may not apply beyond the bounds ofthe Most Uncertain readings, but it's an additional testament to thismuch-underestimated editor.

    Mark

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BDByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --43%30%26%39%43%35%69%40%46%30%40%48%
    B43%--24%18%42%55%14%38%53%72%32%87%90%
    D30%24%--48%53%30%41%32%50%41%36%27%28%
    Byz24%16%44%--46%43%64%27%51%30%73%17%16%
    Bover39%42%53%50%--36%54%44%53%49%43%38%47%
    Merk43%55%30%47%36%--47%32%53%47%54%57%59%
    Soden35%14%41%70%54%47%--40%47%24%69%17%18%
    Tisch69%38%32%30%44%32%40%--41%45%28%45%42%
    Treg40%53%50%56%53%53%47%41%--53%57%48%53%
    UBS46%72%41%32%49%47%24%45%53%--37%70%73%
    Vogels30%32%36%80%43%54%69%28%57%37%--32%29%
    Weiss40%87%27%19%38%57%17%45%48%70%32%--83%
    WH48%90%28%18%47%59%18%42%53%73%29%83%--

    The picture here is not too different from that in Matthew, except in two regards: One is that theUBS text has distinctly shifted toward B and its allies Weiss and Westcott-Hort. The other is thatTregelles has gone in the opposite direction, away from UBS. Something to watch in the next two books....

    Luke

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BDByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --41%37%33%43%45%42%58%33%46%35%39%43%
    B41%--29%12%32%64%21%28%48%80%22%81%92%
    D37%29%--46%52%30%45%42%54%35%43%35%32%
    Byz32%11%45%--61%32%64%46%52%21%84%20%6%
    Bover43%32%52%63%--41%66%43%61%37%62%33%30%
    Merk46%64%30%33%41%--34%34%47%65%42%70%67%
    Soden42%21%45%66%66%34%--42%50%30%67%22%16%
    Tisch58%28%42%48%43%34%42%--42%35%44%37%36%
    Treg33%48%54%54%61%47%50%42%--51%56%44%45%
    UBS46%80%35%22%37%65%30%35%51%--26%76%76%
    Vogels35%22%43%87%62%42%67%44%56%26%--28%18%
    Weiss39%80%35%20%33%70%21%36%44%76%28%--80%
    WH43%92%32%7%30%67%16%36%45%76%18%81%--

    Here we see a major change. The older editions -- Tischendorf, Soden, Vogels, Westcott-Hort --show pretty much their old affinities. But UBS has changed: It has shifted to following Bconsistently, causing it to move distinctly toward Westcott-Hort and Weiss. The agreement wouldbe even more extreme were it not for the "Western Non-Interpolations." It may be thatP75 has changed the way the evidence is viewed. It may be, in addition, that P75most strongly affects the variants which are most uncertain. In any case, this seems to provideevidence of a textual shift in UBS.

    John

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BDByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --33%44%36%44%30%43%64%28%43%36%35%37%
    B33%--27%12%35%42%16%46%67%66%18%69%92%
    D37%23%--41%45%25%45%35%39%35%43%28%22%
    Byz35%12%47%--48%47%66%29%35%25%81%28%11%
    Bover44%35%53%49%--43%65%36%45%50%60%46%36%
    Merk30%42%29%48%43%--51%38%48%42%58%53%48%
    Soden43%16%53%68%65%51%--28%39%31%74%31%18%
    Tisch64%46%42%30%36%38%28%--41%49%28%43%49%
    Treg28%67%46%36%45%48%39%41%--58%39%58%67%
    UBS43%66%41%25%50%42%31%49%58%--31%62%68%
    Vogels36%18%51%83%60%58%74%28%39%31%--36%17%
    Weiss35%69%33%29%46%53%31%43%58%62%36%--69%
    WH37%92%27%11%36%48%18%49%67%68%17%69%--

    Interestingly, the pattern we saw in Luke, of UBS moving dramatically toward B, is not asobvious here. UBS does agree with B and WH more than anything else, but it's drifted back"Byzantine-ward," leaving it about as distant from WH as are Weiss and Tregelles.This even though UBS shows distinctly less agreement with Tregelles than does WH. It is acurious pattern.

    Acts

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BDByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --42%32%21%46%32%37%87%48%60%20%44%43%
    B42%--30%18%44%58%13%47%70%50%30%80%96%
    D23%22%--32%31%23%27%24%28%25%27%21%22%
    Byz20%17%41%--43%45%67%17%33%29%77%22%18%
    Bover46%44%42%45%--42%55%45%55%47%48%43%43%
    Merk32%58%32%47%42%--44%31%52%42%54%60%57%
    Soden37%13%37%71%55%44%--32%31%39%70%12%12%
    Tisch87%47%33%18%45%31%32%--55%57%21%52%50%
    Treg48%70%38%34%55%52%31%55%--53%40%67%70%
    UBS60%50%34%30%47%42%39%57%53%--33%54%50%
    Vogels20%30%36%81%48%54%70%21%40%33%--33%31%
    Weiss44%80%29%23%43%60%12%52%67%54%33%--84%
    WH43%96%30%19%43%57%12%50%70%50%31%84%--

    In entering this data, I had a curious feeling about the UBS text of Acts. For the firsthalf, it really seemed as if the UBS text was simply correcting the text of WH back towardthe Byzantine text. In the second half of Acts, that largely stopped, and it became a matterof UBS vacillating between ℵand B in the places where they disagreed. (Note how low the rate of agreement is betweenℵ and B in this sample).The other thing we note is how UBS tends towardℵrather than B. But the bottom line is that the UBS text doesn't much resemble anything.Note the 57% rate of agreements with Tischendorf (in line with the 60% agreementwith ℵ) and the factthat that is the highest rate of agreement with any text, and Weiss is the only othertext it agrees with even 50% of the time. Compare that to, say, John -- there are threedifferent texts of that book (Tregelles, Weiss, and WH) which agree with UBS more oftenthan Tischendorf agrees with UBS in Acts. I have no explanation for this change.

    Romans

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BD1739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --45%40%50%30%41%43%30%82%39%64%27%36%77%
    B45%--40%45%18%50%48%25%59%75%59%23%82%61%
    D39%39%--48%48%68%39%39%34%55%52%41%39%36%
    173950%45%49%--55%45%55%48%41%57%39%48%36%50%
    Byz30%18%49%55%--55%55%77%18%43%32%82%32%25%
    Bover41%50%70%45%55%--36%48%36%57%59%48%52%39%
    Merk43%48%40%55%55%36%--52%43%68%48%55%41%50%
    Soden30%25%40%48%77%48%52%--16%36%30%80%34%39%
    Tisch82%59%35%41%18%36%43%16%--48%61%18%55%70%
    Treg39%75%56%57%43%57%68%36%48%--52%39%61%55%
    UBS64%59%53%39%32%59%48%30%61%52%--34%55%68%
    Vogels27%23%42%48%82%48%55%80%18%39%34%--34%32%
    Weiss36%82%40%36%32%52%41%34%55%61%55%34%--48%
    WH77%61%37%50%25%39%50%39%70%55%68%32%48%--

    Note the interesting fact that the UBS text prefersℵ to B, pushing it rather closeto Tischendorf. This seems to be a reflection of the fact that, in Paul,ℵ and Bdo not seem to be the same type of text -- and the conservative UBS editors preferredthe classic Alexandrian text ofℵ A 33 to the textof P46 and B. Other interesting point: The attraction of Bover to D and the closenessof Tregelles to B.

    Because the books of Paul are short, we won't do statistics for all the remaining books.Instead, we'll break the rest of Paul down into groups: 1+2 Corinthians,Galatians-Ephesians-Philippians-Colossians-1+2 Thessalonians, Pastorals+Philemon, Hebrews.

    1+2 Corinthians

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BD1739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --25%47%43%33%44%49%44%70%46%46%38%36%46%
    B25%--49%54%32%48%43%31%43%66%62%36%79%70%
    D47%48%--46%35%56%34%33%56%59%61%36%52%33%
    173943%54%47%--35%43%48%46%48%56%43%43%52%52%
    Byz33%31%36%34%--39%61%67%28%41%33%77%33%31%
    Bover45%48%58%43%40%--25%49%43%51%62%38%43%48%
    Merk50%43%36%48%62%25%--66%38%43%33%74%44%49%
    Soden45%31%34%46%68%49%66%--31%41%31%79%21%38%
    Tisch72%43%58%48%28%43%38%31%--62%54%31%59%46%
    Treg47%66%61%56%42%51%43%41%62%--51%46%66%54%
    UBS47%62%63%43%33%62%33%31%54%51%--31%64%64%
    Vogels38%36%37%43%78%38%74%79%31%46%31%--31%39%
    Weiss37%79%54%52%33%43%44%21%59%66%64%31%--64%
    WH47%70%34%52%32%48%49%38%46%54%64%39%64%--

    The obvious point here is that so many of these variants occure whereℵ and B disagree --note the astonishingly low 25% rate of agreement between the two.ℵ, in this sample,has fewer agreements with B than any other text cited, including even the Byzantine textand Vogels. Since this is not the case overall, it is a clear indication of the way theeditors have treated Paul. One must assume that, except for Vogels and von Soden,all the editors essentially accepted the agreements ofℵ and Bas decisive. Another interesting point is the low rates of agreements among thetexts themselves. Admittedly the very definition of "highly uncertain readings"is such that the determining texts (Bover, Merk, Soden, Tisch, UBS, Vogels, WH) willhave low agreement rates. But Tregelles and Weiss are freer to agree with anything.Instead, they agree most often with each other. This probably should tell ussomething about the texts involved. (Personally, I think that says we should giveTregelles and Weiss more weight, but that's just me.)

    Galatians-Ephesians-Philippians-Colossians-1+2 Thessalonians

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BD1739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --33%39%41%29%35%35%38%75%45%43%38%32%55%
    B33%--38%48%23%49%48%25%51%58%58%33%74%75%
    D39%38%--45%48%51%52%48%39%58%54%45%41%32%
    173941%48%45%--48%54%43%57%41%46%51%55%46%45%
    Byz28%22%46%46%--41%51%70%22%36%29%71%32%19%
    Bover35%49%51%54%42%--42%58%33%45%61%51%51%42%
    Merk35%48%52%43%53%42%--57%35%51%48%68%57%48%
    Soden38%25%48%57%73%58%57%--20%33%43%72%35%23%
    Tisch75%51%39%41%23%33%35%20%--57%46%32%49%61%
    Treg45%58%58%46%38%45%51%33%57%--46%38%58%58%
    UBS43%58%54%51%30%61%48%43%46%46%--43%58%59%
    Vogels38%33%45%55%74%51%68%72%32%38%43%--49%36%
    Weiss32%74%41%46%33%51%57%35%49%58%58%49%--59%
    WH55%75%32%45%20%42%48%23%61%58%59%36%59%--

    As in 1 and 2 Corinthians, most of our uncertain reading come about whereℵ and B differ -- observethat they agree in only a third of these variants. Vogels and Soden go with the Byzantinetext, Westcott-Hort (and Weiss) with B, Tischendorf with ℵ,and Bover, Merk, and UBS fall somewhere in between though all tend more toward B. All seemto feel some Byzantine pull also -- note that Bover and Merk both agree with B less thanhalf the time, and UBS, while it agrees with it over half the time, agrees with D almostas often. The one clear conclusion appear to be that agreements of B andℵ were again pretty decisive.

    1 Timothy-2 Timothy-Titus-Philemon

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     D1739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --28%22%28%56%28%22%67%50%39%22%39%39%
    D28%--28%39%50%22%33%28%44%44%44%44%44%
    173922%28%--50%33%50%39%28%22%50%56%44%39%
    Byz28%39%50%--28%67%56%17%11%44%89%44%28%
    Bover56%50%33%28%--33%28%56%56%56%33%44%50%
    Merk28%22%50%67%33%--56%28%22%56%67%33%28%
    Soden22%33%39%56%28%56%--28%39%39%61%28%44%
    Tisch67%28%28%17%56%28%28%--67%44%11%56%61%
    Treg50%44%22%11%56%22%39%67%--61%17%39%67%
    UBS39%44%50%44%56%56%39%44%61%--50%56%72%
    Vogels22%44%56%89%33%67%61%11%17%50%--39%33%
    Weiss39%44%44%44%44%33%28%56%39%56%39%--67%
    WH39%44%39%28%50%28%44%61%67%72%33%67%--

    The most noteworthy point about these four books is not in fact evident from thesestatistics -- it is the fact that these four books have only eighteen highlyuncertain readings (and many of those are places where the tradition is completelyfractured). The reason seems pretty clear: B does not exist for these books. This strikesme as a pretty revealing point: The great tension in NT criticism is between B and allthe other things that are not-B. Eliminate B and the picture changes a great deal. (Whichbears thinking about: How much influence could one more undiscovered manuscript perhapshave, if it is as substantial and as significant as B?) Curiously, the editions do not,in this case, shift either toward ℵor 1739, the two manuscripts which might otherwise be considered the best alternativesto B; they remain pretty much scattered. Westcott and Hort, it's true, didn't have 1739,and neither did Tregelles (or Tischendorf, but he would surely have remained biased towardℵ no matter what), butall the newer editors did. The signal lack of a pattern in these books is, to me at least,disturbing.

    Hebrews

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     BD1739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --22%22%42%26%58%32%32%84%37%47%21%47%63%
    D21%67%--53%53%47%74%53%21%74%47%58%53%53%
    173942%44%56%--63%42%63%53%37%53%42%63%32%47%
    Byz26%33%56%63%--32%68%68%26%47%37%68%21%32%
    Bover58%56%50%42%32%--47%58%63%58%42%47%68%63%
    Merk32%56%78%63%68%47%--68%21%58%47%68%47%53%
    Soden32%22%56%53%68%58%68%--32%37%42%89%26%32%
    Tisch84%33%22%37%26%63%21%32%--42%37%21%53%68%
    Treg37%89%78%53%47%58%58%37%42%--68%47%68%74%
    UBS47%67%50%42%37%42%47%42%37%68%--53%63%58%
    Vogels21%33%61%63%68%47%68%89%21%47%53%--37%32%
    Weiss47%89%56%32%21%68%47%26%53%68%63%37%--74%
    WH63%78%56%47%32%63%53%32%68%74%58%32%74%--

    In Matthew, we found Tregelles as the closest ally of the UBS text. That situationreturns here; Weiss is also rather close. Vogels and Soden remain close to the Byzantinetext. Westcott-Hort remains the outlying text. Bover and Merk as usual fall somewhere onthe other side of the UBS text, but not close to each other. The sample in Hebrews isrelatively small, so it's hard to produce detailed data.

    Catholic Epistles

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     B6141739ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --29%31%37%31%54%40%52%67%44%37%40%38%33%
    B29%--19%21%21%50%33%10%44%58%60%31%87%88%
    61431%19%--60%65%38%60%69%25%29%46%58%25%23%
    173937%21%60%--54%50%42%65%42%46%50%40%19%25%
    Byz31%21%65%54%--25%63%63%21%37%44%73%25%25%
    Bover54%50%38%50%25%--40%33%67%62%46%27%54%56%
    Merk40%33%60%42%63%40%--56%25%38%52%58%42%40%
    Soden52%10%69%65%63%33%56%--33%35%40%71%12%33%
    Tisch67%44%25%42%21%67%25%33%--58%35%23%54%67%
    Treg44%58%29%46%37%62%38%35%58%--50%42%54%56%
    UBS37%60%46%50%44%46%52%40%35%50%--42%60%56%
    Vogels40%31%58%40%73%27%58%71%23%42%42%--29%27%
    Weiss38%87%25%19%25%54%42%12%54%54%60%29%--88%
    WH33%88%23%25%25%56%40%13%50%56%56%27%88%--

    Because these books are so short, we really have to lump them together.

    The rather amazing thing is that our sample manuscripts are so diverse. It'sperhaps to be expected that ℵand B would diverge a lot, but you would think that 614 or 1739 (chosen as well-knownrepresentatives of two important families of minuscules) would agree with one orthe other.

    The extremely low agreement rate between Soden and B is probably an artifact:Because so many other editors incline toward B, you won't get a Most Uncertainreading unless Soden goes against it.

    It is interesting to note that the UBS text here doesn't really have a closest relative.No editor is closer to it than it is to B, and the two closest editions (Weiss and WH) arethemselves little more than reprints of B. We do see a curious clump composed of Bover,Tischendorf, and Tregelles -- curious because of course Tischendorf is close toℵ (though perhaps notas close here as in other sections) and the others are not. Merk is surprisinglyByzantine. It would seem that, in this case, the rule is that the "alliances"in these books are Merk-Soden-Vogels against Bover-Tischendorf againstUBS-WH (with frequent defections, of course). Where the latter two groups agree, orwhere one of the Merk-Soden-Vogels group defects to agree with one of the other twogroups against the other, we have an uncertain variant.

    Apocalypse

     --MANUSCRIPTS----EDITIONS--
     AP046ByzBoverMerkSodenTischTregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    --16%36%38%37%40%37%45%62%47%29%32%27%30%
    A16%--31%20%12%32%52%26%38%44%69%34%66%67%
    P33%29%--47%63%45%34%57%30%39%34%52%41%33%
    04637%20%50%--88%47%51%60%37%45%32%59%36%32%
    Byz21%7%39%51%--36%25%48%13%24%10%47%17%11%
    Bover40%32%49%48%63%--39%52%30%41%36%49%33%37%
    Merk37%52%38%52%45%39%--46%43%54%63%57%64%69%
    Soden45%26%63%61%86%52%46%--32%52%26%70%33%29%
    Tisch62%38%33%38%22%30%43%32%--47%54%33%52%46%
    Treg47%44%43%46%43%41%54%52%47%--52%46%48%57%
    UBS29%69%38%33%18%36%63%26%54%52%--40%79%77%
    Vogels32%34%56%60%84%49%57%70%33%46%40%--45%44%
    Weiss26%66%44%36%31%32%63%32%52%47%78%45%--70%
    WH30%67%36%33%20%37%69%29%46%57%77%44%71%--

    Please note that the numbers for the Byzantine text here require some caution. Because the majoritytext of the Apocalypse is split between the "strict" Byzantine and the Andreas texts, it is often notpossibly to cite a "Byzantine" (=Majority) text. Throw in the slight defects in P, and you have adistorted picture of the relationship between P, 046, Andreas, and the Byzantine and Majority texts.

    We also see something perhaps rather surprising: Even in the Apocalypse, the UBS text is closerto Westcott and Hort than anything else. This despite the very "un-Hortian" classificationof the witnesses in this book and the relatively low value placed onℵ. One might argue that theyare both following A, I suppose -- but they agree with each other more than they agree with A!

    Soden and Vogels are mostly Byzantine, of course, and Tischendorf still manages to be close toℵ (observe that he is the onlyeditor to agree with ℵ morethan 50% of the time). This means that Tischendorf joins Bover and Merk in deciding if a readingis highly uncertain or not: If all three agree either with the UBS-WH cluster or withSoden-Vogels, then the reading is secure; if they split, it is uncertain.

    Overall Summary

    Although comparisons across corpuses are dubious, we might as well at least compilesome statistics.

    For starters, there is the total number of Most Uncertain Variants. I count 1152. Because ofthe slightly fuzzy definition of what is a variant, this number might vary slightly if I didthe examination again (which I won't, because it took hundreds of hours!), but it seems safe toassume that there are between 1100 and 1200 readings which fit the general criterion.

    Of these 1152, 670 (58%) are in the gospels.
    132 (11%) are in Acts.
    211 (18%) are in Paul (including Hebrews).
    52 (5%) are in the Catholic Epistles
    87 (8%) are in the Apocalypse

    It will be evident that any statistics for the New Testament as a whole will be dominatedby the Gospels, but let's do it anyway. We won't do manuscripts here, just edited texts(plus the Byzantine text):
     ByzBoverMerkSodenTisch TregUBSVogelsWeissWH
    Byz--46%45%64%27%41%29%77%23%16%
    Bover49%--40%55%41%54%50%51%43%42%
    Merk45%40%--48%33%50%50%56%56%54%
    Soden64%55%48%--33%41%32%71%23%21%
    Tisch27%41%33%33%--46%46%30%48%49%
    Treg41%54%50%41%46%--56%46%54%58%
    UBS29%50%50%32%46%56%--36%65%67%
    Vogels77%51%56%71%30%46%36%--33%26%
    Weiss23%43%56%23%48%54%65%33%--75%
    WH16%42%54%21%49%58%67%26%75%--

    Once again we see a block consisting of Westcott-Hort, Weiss, and UBS; this ispresumably centered around B insofar as it exists. We have another block around theByzantine text, with Vogels a zealous follower and von Soden only slightly less so.That leaves Bover, Merk, Tischendorf, and Tregelles unaffiliated -- with each otheror with anything else. Note that Bover's closest kinship is only 55%, with von Soden;Merk's is 56% with Vogels and Weiss; Tischendorf's is a mere 49%, with Westcott-Hort,and Tregelles's is 58%, with Westcott-Hort. Tregelles seems to be inclining towardWestcott-Hort, with the limitation that he had relatively poor materials to work with;once again we see his skill in handling the little he had. Tischendorf's idiosyncratictext is surely the result of his adherence to ℵ. Bover and Merk we simply haveto call eclectic.