Note: In the catalog which follows, bold type indicates a fullentry. Plain type indicates a short entry, which may occur under anothermanuscript.
Athos. Catalog number: Iviron, (66) 738.
1010 contains the gospels. The original text of Luke 8:4-44;John 12:25-13:22has been lost and replaced by supplements.
Dated paleographically to the twelfth century. 1010 is written on parchment,one column per page.
Von Soden classified 1010 asIφc -- i.e. a member ofFamily 1424 (the other members of the c branch include 945, 990, 1207, 1223, and1293). But neither Wisse nor the Alands found evidence to support this. TheAlands list 1010 as Category V (i.e. purely Byzantine), although they admit thatit might be a member of Family 1424. Huck-Greeven cites 1010 -- but notas a member of the "Soden group" (=Family 1424).
It is, however, the evidence of Wisse which is most decisive. Wisseconfirms the existence of von Soden's Iφsubgroups, but finds no connection between them. Wisse lists 1010as Kmix in Luke 1 and a member of Kx (cluster 160) in Luke 10 and 20.(Kx cluster 160 consists of 160, 1010, and 1293, all of which vonSoden labelled as Iφc.)However, 1424 is a (diverging) member of Cluster 1675, along with 517, 954, 1349in Luke 1, 1424, and 1675 -- all found by von Soden to be members ofIφa. Thus Wisse sees no evidence of a link between 1010 and 1424.
Finally, a check of 987 test readings for 1010 reveals no kinship with 1424beyond the Byzantine -- as well as showing 1010 to be an entirely Byzantinemanuscript. As far as the test readings are concerned, it appears simply tobe a member of Kx, whereas 1424 has at least a few independentreadings. (For more on Family 1424, see the entry on 1424.)
von Soden: ε1266.
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26, but dropped from NA27.
Cited in UBS3 and UBS4.
Cited by Von Soden, Merk, and Bover.
Patmos. Catalog number: Ioannou 16.
Originally contained the Acts and Epistles. 1 Thes. 1:10-3:2, Tit. 1:7-end, Philemon, and Hebrews 3:6-6:7, 8:6-10:8, 11:20-12:2, 13:21-end have been lost. 1175 is written on parchment, with two columns per page.
Dated paleographically to the eleventh century.
1175 has suffered a great deal of block mixture. The greater part ofthe text is Alexandrian, but large sections are purely Byzantine: Romans,the Johannine Epistles, probably Thessalonians. Elsewhere, 1175 is oneof the most Alexandrian of the minuscules. In Paul, for instance, it issecond only to 33 and 1739 in its freedom from Byzantine influence, andsecond only to 33 in the purity of its Alexandrian text. It is, along with81, the leading witness to the late Alexandrian text.
In the Acts, the Alands show it agreeing with UBS in 69 readings, with the Majority Text in just 39 (in 19 of those instances, it agrees with both). Fifteen of its readings agree with neither; six of those are singular. It is considered (along with 81) one of the leading Alexandrian minuscules, but even here Lake and New detect some degree of mixture; they believe that the manuscript fluctuates in the degree of "Western" influence. It is noteworthy that, in the Aland statistics, there is no substantial manuscript with which it agrees as much as 70% of the time; the only manuscripts with which it agrees even 60% of the time are 81 (66%), A (63%), C (62%), P74 (61%), and ℵ (60%). It agrees with B only 57% of the time and with 1739 only 53%. Thus, contrary to Lake and New, it appears to be affiliated specifically with the true Alexandrians (P74 ℵ A C 81) against B, just as in Paul it goes with ℵ A C 33 81 against P46 B 1739.
In the Catholics, the degree of mixture makes it less valuable, althoughoutside the Johannine Epistles it still has many good readings.
Von Soden lists 1175 as H. Richards lists it as a member of the Byzantine Group B6in the Johannine Epistles (other members of this group include L, 049,424*, 794, 1888, and 2143). Wachtel considers it Alexandrian in the earlierCatholic epistles. Aland and Aland in the first edition of The Text of theNew Testament listed it as Category II;despite its Byzantine mixture, the second edition listsit as Category I. My opinion inclines towardtheir earlier assessment; even in the Alexandrian parts, 1175 has few uniquereadings; it almost always has lots of company among the Alexandrian manuscripts.
von Soden: α74.Tischendorf: 389a; 360p
Kirsopp Lake & Silva New, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts(1932). Only Acts is collated.
Aland & Aland (1 page)
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 for Acts and Paul.
Cited in full in NA27 for Acts and Paul.
Cited in full in NA28 for Acts, Catholics, and Paul.
Cited in full in UBS4.
Cited by von Soden, Merk, and Bover.
Mount Sinai, where it has been for as long as it has been known. Catalognumber: Katharinen-Kloster 260.
1241 contains the entire New Testament except the Apocalypse. Matthew8:14-13:3 and Acts 17:10-18 have been lost.A few other portions are slightly damaged. 1 Cor. 2:10-end,2 Cor. 13:3-end, Galatians, Eph. 2:15-end, Philippians,Colossians, Hebrews 11:3-end, and the Catholics Epistles come from a different hand. 1241 is written on parchment, with one column per page in the Gospelsand two columns per page elsewhere.
Dated paleographically to the twelfth century. The original scribe isregarded as careless; there are many minor errors.
1241 is a very diverse text. The text of Matthew and Mark is more Byzantinethan anything else, though with many Alexandrian readings. In Luke theAlexandrian element prevails; 1241 is perhaps the best minuscule witnessto that book. John is not as Alexandrian as Luke, but much better thanMatthew and Mark.
1241 is entirely Byzantine in Acts. The Aland samples show only two non-Majority readings: Acts 13:42 (where it still has 101 allies, so clearly this is a Byzantine reading although not the Byzantine reading) and Acts 22:9 (where it has 49 allies, so this is again very possibly the reading of a Byzantine subgroup).
In Paul, the basic run of the text is Byzantine, but the supplementsare of higher quality. Although still primarily Byzantine, there are manyAlexandrian and other early readings.
In the Catholic Epistles 1241 is an excellent text, affiliated withfamily 1739. It appears to belong to a separate branch of the type (perhapsa "Sinai Group" as opposed to the "Athos Group" foundin 1739 and 945?).
Wisse classifies 1241 as Group B (but notes that "the last partof [chapter] 1 is not Group B"). Von Soden lists it as H. Richardslists it as Group A3 (family 1739) in the Johannine Epistles.Amphoux also lists it as family 1739. Aland and Aland list it as CategoryI in the Catholics and Category III in the Gospels, Acts, and Paul.
von Soden: δ371.Tischendorf: 290a; 338p
Kirsopp Lake & Silva New, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts.(1932) Only Luke and John are collated.
Aland & Aland (1 page)
Editions which cite:
Cited in full in NA26.
Cited in full in NA27.
Cited in full in NA28.
Cited in full in UBS3.
Cited in UBS4 for the Gospels, Paul, and the Catholics.
Cited by von Soden, Merk, and Bover for the Gospels.
Cited by SQE13 for the Gospels.
Cited by Huck-Greeven for the Luke.
Cited in IGNTP Luke.
Mount Sinai, where it has been for as long as it has been known. Catalog number: Katharinen-Kloster 262. Soden's δ198.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles, apparently complete.Dated to the eleventh century in theKurzgefasste Liste and von Soden. Contains the Gospels, Acts,and Epistles. In the Gospels,it is classified Category IIIby the Alands; von Soden described it as Iβ. Wisselists it as group 1216, paired with 1579, a group which correspondsvery loosely with von Soden's Iβ; it is mostly Byzantinebut clearly distinct from Kx. In Acts and Paul,the Alands again rate it Category III;von Soden demotes it to K for Acts. It is not true in the Catholics, where the Alands raise 1243 to Category I, and Wachtel places it in the least Byzantine category. In these books, 1243 is clearly a member of Family 1739, falling closer to 1739 than to 1241, though perhaps with some influence from the C type of text. In recognition of this, it was made a "constant witness" to the Catholic Epistles in NA28.
The text of Acts is not as good, but certainly better than von Soden's classification implies; the Alands' data shows it as having seven readings which agree with the UBS text against the majority, and eleven which agree with neither (although an astonishing seven of those are singular). It appears to have no close relatives; among manuscripts which exist for 50 or more of the Alands' sample readings, it is closest to 1094, and they agree only 81% of the time. It agrees 80% with 133 319 632 656 1526. Those are all Byzantine manuscripts; it's clear that the Byzantine element is the dominant one, but it's not clear what the other 20% or so of the text is, and the Alands' small sample is not enough to let us be sure. The manuscript probably should get a more thorough examination.
Athos, Xiropotamu 244.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles with lacunae (e.g. there is a lacuneof about a chapter around Acts 17). Dated to the fourteenth century in theKurzgefasste Liste, and no other assessment is available (VonSoden does not seem to have examined it). Relatively little is known of itstext as a result. In the Gospels, Wisse lists it as Kr with asurplus in Luke 1; this agrees with the Alands, who list it asCategory V. The Alands also list it asCategory V in Paul. In the Acts and Catholic Epistles, however, theypromote it to Category II. That it is not entirely Byzantine in Acts isclear; whether it is as good as other Category II manuscripts is less so.It exists for 98 of the Alands' sample readings; it agrees with the UBS textin 43, with the Majority text in 56 (in 21 cases, it agrees with both UBS andByz); it has 20 readings which agree with neither, two of which are singular.Among substantial witnesses (i.e. thosewhere both MSS. exist for at least fifty of the Aland readings), its closest relativeis 2746, but their agreement is only 66%. It agrees 63% with 2175 2774. The list below shows the readings where it agrees with neither UBS nor the majority:
Acts 2:38 -- 1409* with 6 460 629 1722
Acts 2:43-44 -- with E 33 104 181* 459 1722c 1838 1842c 1884 2344 2774
Acts 2:47-3:1 -- with 218 365 1359 1595 2718
Acts 3:21 -- with ℵ2 Bc E 94 363 610 945 1106 1678 1884 2818
Acts 4:33 -- with ℵ A 1175
Acts 10:30 -- singular
Acts 13:33A -- with P74 ℵ A B C* D
Acts 13:42 -- with 101 other manuscripts including L 049 5 88 623c 1241 1852 1877 2298 2492
Acts 15:17-18 -- singular but close to 38 256 365 1319 1573 2772
Acts 15:24 -- with H L 90 432 442 603 621 921 996 1070 1247 1249 1409 1842 1896 2508
Acts 15:34 -- with 87 other manuscripts including 5 6 33 88 94 180 307 323 383 441 453 610 614 623 1175 1739 1891 2298 2344 2412
Acts 19:3 -- with P41 P74 ℵ A E 5 33 436 623 1642 1735 1873 1884 2344 2374 (2805)
Acts 19:14 -- with E Ψ 181 629 1319supp 1875 (and close to P74 ℵ A B C 33 94 206 429 522 945 1175 1490 1704 1735 1758 2298 2344)
Acts 20:24a -- with 441 621 (and close to P74 ℵ2 A 181 1735c 1875 2344)
Acts 20:29 -- with 180c 206 429 441 522 621 629 630 945 1490 1509 1704 1735 1758 1831 1842* 2344 2805
Acts 21:20 -- with ℵ 3 97* 209* 457* 1642 1717 2243 2816*
Acts 23:20 -- with 85 other manuscripts including ℵ2 Ψ 6 94 180 307 424c 436 441 483 610 614 629c 876 945 1175 1505 1611 1739 2138 2298 2412 2495
Acts 23:30 -- with 6 2147 2541 2652
Acts 24:6-8 -- with E 180 628 1161 1847 1884 2541
Acts 26:14 -- with H 049 57 61 62 142 172 216 322 323 326 440 567 629 935 1311 1404 1609 1642 1643 1702 1722 1727 1829 1837 1850 1857 1871 2085 2086 2401 2483 2774 2799
It is clear that the manuscript has a strong Byzantine element, and the non-Byzantine readings do not stand particularly close to any other witness. Note how many of the readings above see it allied with obscure, mostly-Byzantine manuscripts which split from the Majority for one or two readings which agree with 1409. Frankly, it looks to me as if a high fraction of 1409's non-Byzantine readings come from many generations of bad copies; I would list it as Category III, not Category II.
In the Catholic Epistles,Wachtel groups it with 436 1067 2541 (though the Alands list 436 2541 asCategory III in the Catholics and 1067 as Category II); this group of manuscriptsappears generally Alexandrian, with a text much like A 33 but with more Byzantinereadings.
Chicago (Maywood). Catalog number: Jesuit-Krauss-McCormick Library, Gruber Ms. 152.Originally from Kosinitza, Turkey.
1424 contains the entire New Testament with marginal commentary. Matthew 1:23-2:16 are lost (a loss of one folio). There are marginal commentaries on the Gospels and Pauline Epistles. I read somewhere that it also contains Hermas, but Clark's list of the contents does not mention this (although there is a brief Martyrdom of Paul before the epistles proper). The order is unusual; Gospels (with commentary), Acts, Catholic Epistles, Apocalypse, and Pauline Epistles (with commentary). One folio of 2 Corinthians was lost and added by a later hand.
Dated paleographically to the ninth or tenth century. 1424 is written on parchment, one column per page. It was written by a monk names Sabas. The Eusebian apparatus is by a different, probably later, hand. There are a few other notations from later hands, which are of no textual interest.
Although 1424 contains the entire New Testament, all interest in the manuscript has focussed on the gospels (the Alands classify it as Category V, i.e. purely Byzantine, everywhere but in the Gospels, and there is no reason to question this).
The manuscript generated uncertainty from the very start, when it received the Scrivener symbol ג, although it is not an uncial. Others apparently also called it an uncial.
Von Soden did not help matters when he classified 1424 as a witness to theIφ group. Hebroke this group down into four subgroups:
Streeter renamed this group Family 1424 (the name most often used today, although Huck-Greeven uses the symbol Σ and adopts the title the "Soden Group"). Not unexpectedly, Streeter also declared the family to be "Cæsarean" (this is not surprising because Streeter declared everything "Cæsarean" that was not demonstrably something else). Even Streeter conceded family 1424 to be only a tertiary witness to the type.
The work of Wisse, however, seems to have dissolved the Iφ group. Wisse finds 1424 to be a diverging member of Cluster 1675, which also contains 517, 954, 1349 (in Luke 1), and 1675, and thus corresponds to Iφa.
However, Wisse classifies the members of Iφbas follows: 7=Cluster 7, 267=Cluster 7, 1606=Kx Cluster 187,115=Kmix/Kx, 117=Kx, and 827=Cluster 827. Thusthis group apparently is to be dissolved.
The members of Iφcbreak down as follows: 1293=Kmix/Kx Cluster 160,1010=Kmix/Kx Cluster 160, 1223= FamilyΠ (various subgroups),945=Kmix/Kx, 1207=FamilyΠ (Group 473, pair with 944). Thus Iφc maysurvive in the form of Kx Cluster 160 (consisting of 160, 1010, and 1293,all classified as Iφc),but there is no reason to link this group with 1424.
The members of Iφrare listed by Wisse as follows: M=M27 (diverging member), 1194=M10, 71=M27 (coremember). Thus Iφr,which Wisse renames the "M groups," is also real, but not evidently relatedto 1424.
All of the above must be treated with a certain amount of caution, since Wisseworked only on Luke and his method does not assess mixture. However, it would appearthat Iφ needsto be dissolved. Thus Family 1424, instead of referring toIφ as a whole,should be reserved for the small group 517, 954, (1349), 1424, 1675.
Whether this group is "Cæsarean" is another question. It is worthnoting that Aland and Aland find 1424 to have an interesting text only in Mark (butdo not classify the other members of Wisse's Cluster 1675. This often means thatthe manuscripts are heavily Byzantine but have too many non-Byzantine readingsto write off as Category V; such manuscripts oftenbelong to one of the non-Kxgroups). The table below shows the rate of agreements for 1424 with an assortmentof other manuscripts. Both overall and non-Byzantine readings are noted. The datais for Mark only; 1424 was profiled in 212 readings, of which 49 were non-Byzantine.
|Manuscript||Overall Agreements||Non-Byzantine Agreements|
On the evidence, it would appear that 1424's non-Byzantine readings are late Alexandrian, not "Cæsarean." Yes, it agrees with Θ f1 f13 700 much more than with ℵ or B -- but note its 100% agreement with 33 in non-Byzantine readings! It's also closer to 892 than to several so-called "Cæsarean." witnesses.
In the rest of the New Testament 1424 hardly bears mentioning; it's just another Byzantine witness. In Acts, e.g., the Alands' statistics show only two readings, out of 104, which don't agree with the Byzantine text (and one of these may have been a scribal error in 1424*, and in the other, 1424 has 47 allies, so it might be a member of a Byzantine subgroup).
von Soden: δ30.
Clark, Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America, plate XXIV.
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 and NA27 for the Gospels.
Cited in UBS3 and UBS4 for the Gospels.
Cited by Von Soden, Merk, and Bover for the Gospels.
B. H. Streeter, The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (MacMillan, 1924)devotes considerable space to the relations between the various"Cæsarean" witnesses.
Clark, Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America, pp. 105-107.
Athos, Lavra A' 13. Soden'sδ256.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles apparently complete. Dated to the eleventhcentury in the Kurzgefasste Liste, and to the twelfth by von Soden.Von Soden seems to have regarded it as a Kx manuscript, which maybe true in the gospels but is not so elsewhere. Even in the Gospels, it isn'ta member of one of the standard Byzantine groups;Wisse lists it as Cluster 127 -- a group that seems to be mostly Byzantine(close to Kx in places), and which includes no particularly noteworthymanuscripts, but is nonetheless independent. Still, there is no question but thatCluster 127 is Byzantine.This corresponds to the assessment of the Alands, who rate 1448as Category V (Byzantine) everywhereexcept in the Catholic Epistles, where they promote it toCategory III. Amphoux seems to have beenthe first to identify it as a member of2138 and Family 2138, anidentification partly confirmed by Wachtel, who does not consider it to be a true member of Family 2138 but lists it (along with 1852) as being in the "Umfeld" of the family, implying that it is somewhat akin. It is among the witnesses added in NA28 for the Catholics, although given the number of Family 2138 witnesses, it is perhaps not one of the more important additions.
Although there isn't much question but that it is mostly Byzantine outside theCatholics, it does show some hints of interest in Acts, having eight non-Byzantinereadings in the Aland sample:
Acts 3:22 -- with 102 175 189 45 1102 1127 1270 1297 1315 1597 1598 1721 1896 2085 2131 2374 2799
Acts 4:33 -- 1448* with 69 321
Acts 18:17 -- singular
Acts 21:8 -- with 181 other manuscripts including P74 ℵ A C E Ψ 5 33 94 181 307 322 323 436 441 453 614 623* 629 630 945 1175 1505 1611 1739 1891 2138 2298 2344 2412 2495
Acts 23:1 -- with 42 other manuscripts including B 307 436 453 610 614 623* 1505 1611 2138 2412 2495
Acts 23:20 -- with 85 other manuscripts including ℵ2 Ψ 6 94 180 307 424c 436 441 610 614 629c 945 1175 1505 1611 1739 2138 2298 2412 2495
Acts 24:6-8 -- with 226 465 603c 901 959 1448 1618 1649 1741 1750 2523 (but this is a very fractured reading that really consists of many variants and should not be used for assessing mixed manuscripts)
Acts 25:5 -- with 44 other manuscripts including ℵ A B C E 5 33 81 104 181 436 623* 630 945 1175 1739 1891 2298 2344
What I observe here is a manuscript which is purely Byzantine in the first twenty or so chapters of Acts (the only non-Byzantine readings look like errors), but somehere around Acts 20, it starts showing readings of the 453/1739/2138 type (groups that are hard to clearly distinguish in Acts without more readings than this). My guess would be that it is descended from the same sort of source in Acts as in the Catholic Epistles, but that it was corrected toward the Byzantine text, and the correction was near-total in Acts 1-20, but got sloppier in the later chapters of Acts and in the Catholic Epistles. Thus a better description of its type in Acts (pending further investigation) might be "Category V in chapters 1-20, Category III (probably family 2138) in chapters 21-28."