New Testament Manuscripts

Numbers 1001-1500

Note: In the catalog which follows, bold type indicates a fullentry. Plain type indicates a short entry, which may occur under anothermanuscript.

Contents:


Manuscript 1010

Location/Catalog Number

Athos. Catalog number: Iviron, (66) 738.

Contents

1010 contains the gospels. The original text of Luke 8:4-44;John 12:25-13:22has been lost and replaced by supplements.

Date/Scribe

Dated paleographically to the twelfth century. 1010 is written on parchment,one column per page.

Description and Text-type

Von Soden classified 1010 asIφc -- i.e. a member ofFamily 1424 (the other members of the c branch include 945, 990, 1207, 1223, and1293). But neither Wisse nor the Alands found evidence to support this. TheAlands list 1010 as Category V (i.e. purely Byzantine), although they admit thatit might be a member of Family 1424. Huck-Greeven cites 1010 -- but notas a member of the "Soden group" (=Family 1424).

It is, however, the evidence of Wisse which is most decisive. Wisseconfirms the existence of von Soden's Iφsubgroups, but finds no connection between them. Wisse lists 1010as Kmix in Luke 1 and a member of Kx (cluster 160) in Luke 10 and 20.(Kx cluster 160 consists of 160, 1010, and 1293, all of which vonSoden labelled as Iφc.)However, 1424 is a (diverging) member of Cluster 1675, along with 517, 954, 1349in Luke 1, 1424, and 1675 -- all found by von Soden to be members ofIφa. Thus Wisse sees no evidence of a link between 1010 and 1424.

Finally, a check of 987 test readings for 1010 reveals no kinship with 1424beyond the Byzantine -- as well as showing 1010 to be an entirely Byzantinemanuscript. As far as the test readings are concerned, it appears simply tobe a member of Kx, whereas 1424 has at least a few independentreadings. (For more on Family 1424, see the entry on 1424.)

Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript

von Soden: ε1266.

Bibliography

Collations:

Sample Plates:

Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26, but dropped from NA27.
Cited in UBS3 and UBS4.
Cited by Von Soden, Merk, and Bover.

Other Works:


Manuscript 1175

Location/Catalog Number

Patmos. Catalog number: Ioannou 16.

Contents

Originally contained the Acts and Epistles. 1 Thes. 1:10-3:2,Tit. 1:7-end, Philemon, and Hebrews3:6-6:7, 8:6-10:8,11:20-12:2, 13:21-end have beenlost. 1175 is written on parchment, with two columns per page.

Date/Scribe

Dated paleographically to the eleventh century.

Description and Text-type

1175 has suffered a great deal of block mixture. The greater part ofthe text is Alexandrian, but large sections are purely Byzantine: Romans,the Johannine Epistles, probably Thessalonians. Elsewhere, 1175 is oneof the most Alexandrian of the minuscules. In Paul, for instance, it issecond only to 33 and 1739 in its freedom from Byzantine influence, andsecond only to 33 in the purity of its Alexandrian text. It is, along with81, the leading witness to the late Alexandrian text.

In the Catholics, the degree of mixture makes it less valuable, althoughoutside the Johannine Epistles it still has many good readings. In Acts,it is considered (along with 81) one of the leading Alexandrian minuscules,but even here Lake and New detect some degree of mixture; they believethat the manuscript fluctuates in the degree of "Western"influence.

Von Soden lists 1175 as H. Richards lists it as a member of the Byzantine Group B6in the Johannine Epistles (other members of this group include L, 049,424*, 794, 1888, and 2143). Wachtel considers it Alexandrian in the earlierCatholic epistles. Aland and Aland in the first edition of The Text of theNew Testament listed it as Category II;despite its Byzantine mixture, the second edition listsit as Category I. My opinion inclines towardtheir earlier assessment; even in the Alexandrian parts, 1175 has few uniquereadings; it almost always has lots of company among the Alexandrian manuscripts.

Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript

von Soden: α74.Tischendorf: 389a; 360p

Bibliography

Collations:
Kirsopp Lake & Silva New, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts(1932). Only Acts is collated.

Sample Plates:
Aland & Aland (1 page)

Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 for Acts and Paul.
Cited in full in NA27 for Acts and Paul.
Cited in full in NA28 for Acts, Catholics, and Paul.
Cited in full in UBS4.
Cited by von Soden, Merk, and Bover.

Other Works:


Manuscript 1241

Location/Catalog Number

Mount Sinai, where it has been for as long as it has been known. Catalognumber: Katharinen-Kloster 260.

Contents

1241 contains the entire New Testament except the Apocalypse. Matthew8:14-13:3 and Acts 17:10-18 have been lost.A few other portions are slightly damaged. 1 Cor. 2:10-end,2 Cor. 13:3-end, Galatians, Eph. 2:15-end, Philippians,Colossians, Hebrews 11:3-end, and the Catholics Epistles come from a differenthand. 1241 is written on parchment, with one column per page in the Gospelsand two columns per page elsewhere.

Date/Scribe

Dated paleographically to the twelfth century. The original scribe isregarded as careless; there are many minor errors.

Description and Text-type

1241 is a very diverse text. The text of Matthew and Mark is more Byzantinethan anything else, though with many Alexandrian readings. In Luke theAlexandrian element prevails; 1241 is perhaps the best minuscule witnessto that book. John is not as Alexandrian as Luke, but much better thanMatthew and Mark.

1241 is entirely Byzantine in Acts.

In Paul, the basic run of the text is Byzantine, but the supplementsare of higher quality. Although still primarily Byzantine, there are manyAlexandrian and other early readings.

In the Catholic Epistles 1241 is an excellent text, affiliated withfamily 1739. It appears to belong to a separate branch of the type (perhapsa "Sinai Group" as opposed to the "Athos Group" foundin 1739 and 945?).

Wisse classifies 1241 as Group B (but notes that "the last partof [chapter] 1 is not Group B"). Von Soden lists it as H. Richardslists it as Group A3 (family 1739) in the Johannine Epistles.Amphoux also lists it as family 1739. Aland and Aland list it as CategoryI in the Catholics and Category III in the Gospels, Acts, and Paul.

Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript

von Soden: δ371.Tischendorf: 290a; 338p

Bibliography

Collations:
Kirsopp Lake & Silva New, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts.(1932) Only Luke and John are collated.

Sample Plates:
Aland & Aland (1 page)

Editions which cite:
Cited in full in NA26.
Cited in full in NA27.
Cited in full in NA28.
Cited in full in UBS3.
Cited in UBS4 for the Gospels, Paul, and the Catholics.
Cited by von Soden, Merk, and Bover for the Gospels.
Cited by SQE13 for the Gospels.
Cited by Huck-Greeven for the Luke.
Cited in IGNTP Luke.

Other Works:


Manuscript 1243

Mount Sinai, where it has been for as long as it has been known. Catalognumber: Katharinen-Kloster 262. Soden'sδ198.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles, apparently complete.Dated to the eleventh century in theKurzgefasste Liste and von Soden. Contains the Gospels, Acts,and Epistles. In the Gospels,it is classified Category IIIby the Alands; von Soden described it as Iβ. Wisselists it as group 1216, paired with 1579, a group which correspondsvery loosely with von Soden's Iβ; it is mostly Byzantinebut clearly distinct from Kx. In Acts and Paul,the Alands again rate it Category III;von Soden demotes it to K for Acts -- which is reasonable forthe Acts and Paul; non-Byzantine readings seem to be few.It is not true in the Catholics, where the Alands raise 1243to Category I, and Wachtelplaces it in the least Byzantine category.In these books, 1243 is clearly a member ofFamily 1739,falling closer to 1739 than to 1241, though perhaps with someinfluence from the C type of text. In recognition of this, itwas made a "constant witness" to the Catholic Epistlesin NA28.


Manuscript 1409

Athos, Xiropotamu 244. Soden'sε371.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles with lacunae (e.g. there is a lacuneof about a chapter around Acts 17). Dated to the fourteenth century in theKurzgefasste Liste, and no other assessment is available (VonSoden did not list the manuscript). Relatively little is known of itstext as a result. In the Gospels, Wisse lists it as Kr with asurplus in Luke 1; this agrees with the Alands, who list it asCategory V. The Alands also list it asCategory V in Paul. In the Acts and Catholic Epistles, however, theypromote it to Category II. That it is not entirely Byzantine in Acts isclear; whether it is as good as other Category II manuscripts is less so.There is a strong Byzantine element, and the non-Byzantine readings do notstand particularly close to any other witness. In the Catholic Epistles,Wachtel groups it with 436 1067 2541 (though the Alands list 436 2541 asCategory III in the Catholics and 1067 as Category II); this group of manuscriptsappears generally Alexandrian, with a text much like A 33 but with more Byzantinereadings.


Manuscript 1424

Location/Catalog Number

Chicago (Maywood). Catalog number: Jesuit-Krauss-McCormick Library, Gruber Ms. 152.Originally from Kosinitza, Turkey.

Contents

1424 contains the entire New Testament with marginal commentary.Matthew 1:23-2:16are lost. There are marginal commentaries on the Gospels and PaulineEpistles. Also contains Hermas.

Date/Scribe

Dated paleographically to the ninth or tenth century. 1424 is written on parchment,one column per page. It was written by a monk names Sabas; the books are in theorder Gospels (with commentary), Acts, Catholic Epistles, Apocalypse, and PaulineEpistles (with commentary). The Eusebian apparatus is by a different, probablylater, hand.

Description and Text-type

Although 1424 contains the entire New Testament, all interest in the manuscripthas focussed on the gospels (the Alands classify it as Category V,i.e. purely Byzantine, everywhere but in the Gospels, and there is no reason to question this).

The manuscript generated uncertainty from the very start, when it received theScrivener symbol Gimel (gimel), although it is notan uncial.

Von Soden did not help matters when he classified 1424 as a witness to theIφ group. Hebroke this group down into four subgroups:

Streeter renamed this group Family 1424 (the name most often used today,although Huck-Greeven uses the symbolσ and adopts the titlethe "Soden Group"). Not unexpectedly, Streeter also declaredthe family to be "Cæsarean" (this is not surprising becauseStreeter declared everything "Cæsarean" that was notdemonstrably something else). Even Streeter conceded family 1424to be only a tertiary witness to the type.

The work of Wisse, however, seems to have dissolved theIφ group.Wisse finds 1424 to be a diverging member of Cluster 1675, which alsocontains 517, 954, 1349 (in Luke 1), and 1675, and thus corresponds toIφa.

However, Wisse classifies the members of Iφbas follows: 7=Cluster 7, 267=Cluster 7, 1606=Kx Cluster 187,115=Kmix/Kx, 117=Kx, and 827=Cluster 827. Thusthis group apparently is to be dissolved.

The members of Iφcbreak down as follows: 1293=Kmix/Kx Cluster 160,1010=Kmix/Kx Cluster 160, 1223= FamilyΠ (various subgroups),945=Kmix/Kx, 1207=FamilyΠ (Group 473, pair with 944). Thus Iφc maysurvive in the form of Kx Cluster 160 (consisting of 160, 1010, and 1293,all classified as Iφc),but there is no reason to link this group with 1424.

The members of Iφrare listed by Wisse as follows: M=M27 (diverging member), 1194=M10, 71=M27 (coremember). Thus Iφr,which Wisse renames the "M groups," is also real, but not evidently relatedto 1424.

All of the above must be treated with a certain amount of caution, since Wisseworked only on Luke and his method does not assess mixture. However, it would appearthat Iφ needsto be dissolved. Thus Family 1424, instead of referring toIφ as a whole,should be reserved for the small group 517, 954, (1349), 1424, 1675.

Whether this group is "Cæsarean" is another question. It is worthnoting that Aland and Aland find 1424 to have an interesting text only in Mark (butdo not classify the other members of Wisse's Cluster 1675. This often means thatthe manuscripts are heavily Byzantine but have too many non-Byzantine readingsto write off as Category V; such manuscripts oftenbelong to one of the non-Kxgroups). The table below shows the rate of agreements for 1424 with an assortmentof other manuscripts. Both overall and non-Byzantine readings are noted. The datais for Mark only; 1424 was profiled in 212 readings, of which 49 were non-Byzantine.

ManuscriptOverall AgreementsNon-Byzantine Agreements
35%33%
A80%(Insufficient samples)
B40%41%
C58%56%
D36%56%
E84%(No samples)
K82%(Insufficient samples)
L51%59%
W45%53%
Δ54%57%
Θ53%76%
Ω81%(Insufficient samples)
f168%56%
f1369%69%
2861%79%
3372%100%
56550%65%
57973%82%
70066%73%
89262%71%
107180%82%
124185%91%
134265%67%
a38%50%
arm54%75%
geo147%73%

On the evidence, it would appear that 1424's non-Byzantine readings areAlexandrian, not "Cæsarean."

Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript

von Soden: δ30.

Bibliography

Collations:

Sample Plates:

Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 and NA27 for the Gospels.
Cited in UBS3 and UBS4 for the Gospels.
Cited by Von Soden, Merk, and Bover for the Gospels.

Other Works:
B. H. Streeter, The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (MacMillan, 1924)devotes considerable space to the relations between the various"Cæsarean" witnesses.


Manuscript 1448

Athos, Lavra A' 13. Soden'sδ256.Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles apparently complete. Dated to the eleventhcentury in the Kurzgefasste Liste, and to the twelfth by von Soden.Von Soden seems to have regarded it as a Kx manuscript, which maybe true in the gospels but is not so elsewhere. Indeed, even in the Gospels,Wisse lists it as Cluster 127 -- a group that seems to be mostly Byzantine(close to Kx in place) which includes no particularly noteworthymanuscripts. This corresponds to the assessment of the Alands, who rate itas Category V (Byzantine) everywhereexcept in the Cathoic Epistles, where they promote it toCategory III. Amphoux seems to have beenthe first to identify it as a member of2138 and Family 2138, anidentification partly confirmed by Wachtel,who does not consider it to be a true member of Family 2138 but lists it (along with 1852) as being in the "Umfeld" of the family, implying that it is somewhat akin. It is among the witnesses added in NA28 for the Catholics, although given the number of Family 2138 witnesses, it is perhaps not one of the more important additions.